Wood County Late 19th Century

WOOD COUNTY TEXAS.  This is the most westerly of the counties along the line of the Texas & Pacific Railway having extensive forests of pine timber. All of the county is heavily wooded but the eastern half contains the great pineries from which the supplies for the large number of saw mills are drawn. In the western half the forests partake more of the characteristics of the timber of the black land counties, further west. The general surface is more level than in the other woodland counties, though there is little material variation as to soils, climate, temperature, rainfall, or yield of crops per acre. A larger part of the area, which comprises 702 square miles, can, however, be profitably cultivated. There are about 50,000 acres, in 1,400 farms, under cultivation, producing annually a value about $600,000. The harvest generally consists of 10,000 to 11,000 bales of cotton, 400,000 bushels of corn, 50,000 bushels of oats, 30,000 bushels of sweet potatoes, 35,000 to 40,000 gallons of molasses, 6,000 tons of cotton seed, and orchard and garden products to the value of $35,000 $40,000. As in all of the woodland counties, the raising of live stock is part ordinary farming operations. The live stock in the county, in 1897, was valued at $220,301 and consisted of 5,744 horses and mules, 9,607 head of cattle, 1,211 head of sheep and goats, and 12,465 head of hogs.

The county was organized in 1850 and has 14,000 inhabitants, 3,000 of whom are residents of Mineola, the junction the Texas & Pacific Railway, the International & Great Northern Railway and the Missouri Kansas & Texas Railway; 500 of Quitman, the county seat; 400 of Winnsboro, and 250 of Hawkins, smaller trading points in the county. The assessed values of taxable property, in 1897, amounted to $2,695,113, of which $1,619,538 was assessed against real estate, $499,465 against railways, which have 49 23/100 miles of tracks in the county. The school census reports 3,870 children of school age, for whose education 61 houses are maintained and teachers are employed.

The industrial pursuits run mainly in the manufacture of lumber, railroad ties, shingles, etc., there being about 17 sawmills at work . The other enterprises, principally located at Mineola, consist of 81 mercantile establishments, 1 bank, 1 flour mill, 2 fire brick and tile factories, 1 cannery, 1 furniture factory, and the repair shops of the railways.  Improved lands range in price from $5 to $25 per acre; unimproved $2 to $10 per acre.

Source: Along the line of the Texas & Pacific Ry.,  published by the Passenger Department of the Texas & Pacific Railway, Dallas Texas, corrected to and reissued November 1909, pages 35-36. (Digitized version accessed from Google Book Search May 7, 2012)

Billy Goat Hill

Does anyone associated with this website have information about a place called Billy Goat Hill near Quitman? I was told William G. Sawyer was buried there but cannot find any evidence of it. Any help is greatly appreciated.


Portal to Texas History Contains Wood County Resources

Wood County references are available online at the Portal to Texas History at http://texashistory.unt.edu/. Billing itself as “a gateway to Texas history,” the portal is a project of the University of North Texas. A search at the portal main page (link above) for Wood County, Mineola, Quitman,and Winnsboro yields many digital pages of documents, publications, maps, etc. concerning people and places in the county ranging from the mid-1800s to the late 1900s.

Query: Hyde

I am searching for John William Hyde and Rosanna Morgan Hyde. They are listed on the 1880 US Federal Census in Wood County, TX. Their children were all born there. My Grandfather, Jefferson Davis Hyde and son of John William Hyde and Rosanna Morgan was the youngest child. I have been told that John William Hyde died before he was born and that his mother, Rosanna Morgan Hyde died when he and his sister Margaret were little.

I’m pretty sure that they lived in Quitman as that is what I have always heard but also have heard Rock Hill or Yantis. If he died before my Grandfather, Jefferson Davis Hyde was born that would have been in 1883 as Jefferson Davis Hyde was born January 21, 1884. Rosanna Morgan Hyde sometime after that.

John William Hyde B. abt 1842 in Missouri
Rosanna Morgan B. abot 1847 in Georgia
McDonnel Hyde B. abt 1867 Wood Co,TX
James Bulger Hyde B. abt 1871 Wood Co, TX
Pheobia Hyde B. abt 1875 Wood Co, TX
John Louis Hyde B. abt 1876 Wood Co, TX, D.in Nolan Co, TX
William Hyde B. abt 1879 Wood Co, TX
Margaret Hyde B. 1881 Wood Co, TX D. October 31, 1920 – buried in Rockhill
Cemetery, Yantis, TX
Jefferson Davis Hyde B. January 21, 1884 D. Sweetwater, Nolan Co, TX
December, 1955 – Buried Slaters Chapel – Nolan, TX

I have searched all the records I know how to including the cemeteries that are online to no avail. I am hoping you can shed some light on this.

I am also searching for Ruth P. Hyde, first born of Jefferson Davis Hyde. She was born October 31, 1906 in Wood Co, TX She died in 1913. I have heard that she was buried in the cemetery in Yantis.

Thanking you in advance for your help.

Aundrea (Hyde) Saunders

You might be from Quitman, Texas if you remember when

Another reason to be surfing on Facebook is the page: You might be from Quitman, Texas if you remember when (https://www.facebook.com/groups/244596198905170/).

It is rich with information about people and events which have happened in Quitman. I wish that someone would start separate pages like this for all the towns and communities in the county. Thanks to Jane Herring‘s work with this page and to all the others who have shared memories there.

Query: Stout

Benjamin Franklin Stout b: TX 1829 and Amanda P. Stout b: 1833 Alabama

I am looking for my ggg grandfather Benjamin P. Stout or known to my family as B.P. Stout. He was the son of Texas Ranger Captain and Sheriff John Henry Stout first State Representative and first Sheriff of Wood and Van Zandt Counties. Benjamin was a Confederate Civil War POW veteran and 1st Lieutenant of Company E, 22 Hubbard Texas Infantry Regiment. He was born in 1829 in Red River Settlement, Tejas, Mexico, lived in Texas and died on or about November or before December 25, 1875 in Wood County.

Benjamin can be found in Hopkins County living with his divorced mother Sarah Stout i.e. “Sarah Mary Talbot Stout” in 1850 census. He married Amanda P. maiden name unknown and place of marriage unknown in 1851. He can be found in Wood County in 1860 census, 1870 census, and Amanda can be found widowed in Wood County in the 1880 census. She is also listed (transcription error as Henanda Stout along with B.P. Stout in 1870 Wood County census).

1st Lieutenant B.P. Stout joined the Civil War effort in 1861 as a Sergeant of Co E 22 Texas Infantry Regiment, he was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in 1862, he returned to Wood County sometime after his POW status, (he was captured on July 22, 1864 and was kept in Fort De Russey sp?), wherever that is. He lived next to Henry Stout, his father in Quitman in 1870 with wife Amanda and children.

What I am looking for is;

Where are Benjamin and/or Amanda buried? I assume that the Confederate Soldiers Society may know if he is buried in Wood county if they place flags on Confederate grave sites or if anyone takes photos of graves in that area from your society, they may have run across their burial site. I just do not know how to get started on that road or get in touch with those folks.

What is the name of the burial Cemetery of B.P. Stout and Amanda? If you can find that out, that would be helpful since B.P. died in Wood County! His father John Henry Stout was buried in the Pine Forest cemetery in Hopkins County although he lived in Wood county most of his late adult life 1840 – 1892.

Does Wood County or Hopkins County have records relating to B.P.’s and Amanda’s marriage in about 1851? Benjamin was living with his mother in 1850 in Hopkins Co., and their first daughter was born in 1852 in Wood County, hence the 1851 date.

Is there any way to find out what Amanda’s maiden name was? My family says that she and her children are listed somewhere as Full Blood Indian or Indian by Blood. I’ve been told Cherokee or Chickasaw sp?. Without knowing Amanda’s maiden name, I have no way to research that tidbit of oral history.

Did Amanda remain in Wood county after 1880? Maybe there are tax records available to you in Wood County since there is no 1890 census. If she re-married after 1880, I would have no way to know that information. If you have any marriage records of an Amanda P. Stout in Wood county after 1880 if she married someone else, re-marrage would be helpful to track her travels down.

I can say that her daughter Martha “Mattie” H. Stout born in Wood County, married John W. Fore of Hood and Van Zandt County and that marriage took place in Oklahoma.

Any help your society could give would be greatly helpful and appreciated.


Query: Quitman Cemetery

I’m trying to find the name of the cemetery that Gary Allen Brown is buried. All his family knows is that his DOB was 7/24/1958 and his DOD was 3/25/2003. They know he was buried at Quitman, TX, but do not know the name of the cemetery. I have checked all possible names through “Findagrave”, but he is not listed.Can you help me with the name of the cemetery in Quitman where he is buried?

Shelby Johnson
Decatur, AL
Tel: 256-353-7989
email: sjohnson305@charter.net


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