The following description of Wood County comes from the 1910 Texas Almanac found by a search of Google Books. It is among the “full view” books one can find online FOR FREE at that web service. You can search on places, surnames, etc. to see what is available. Some books allow no view, some just a snippet view.
Wood County lies In Northeast Texas It was organized from a part of Van Zandt County in 1850. Its estimated population Is about 25,000. Quitman the county seat has about 500, Mineola 3,500 Winnsboro 3,500 and Alba 500. Total assessment $7,666,415.
The Sabine River is one of its south boundary lines with a large tributary of the same running through the western portion of the county called Lake Fork. Mineola Is located on the Texas and Pacific Railroad 80 miles east of Dallas and 70 miles west of Marshall. Quitman, the county seat, is situated 10 miles north of Mineola. Winnsboro is situated in the northern part of the county about 16 miles from Quitman. It Is located on the Missouri Kansas and Texas Railroad. The Texas Southern Railroad also runs to Winnsboro from Marshall.
The county was named In honor of Gov. Wood, the second Governor of Texas.
The county seat was named In honor of Gen. Quitman. The county Is traversed by the following roads: Texas and Pacific 25.4 miles, Missouri Kansas and Texas 19.78 miles, Texas Southern 17 miles, International and Great Northern 4.3 miles, Texas Short Line 9 miles.
The surface of the county is generally level only broken by water courses. The soil Is varied but generally yellow loam though there Is some white and some red sandy land particularly adapted to orchards and truck growing. Timber is in vast varieties and large quantities such as swamp and yellow pine, post oak, white oak, red oak, black oak, and burr oak, walnut, hickory, gum, black and sweet mulberry, dogwood, blackjack elm, etc.
Important streams are Sabine River, Lake Fork, Big Caney, and Big Sandy with other smaller streams some that afford water power for Ginning cotton, grinding corn and wheat, making shingles, and other Industries. On these streams are numerous lakes fed by springs well stocked with fish.
Besides saw mills, and there are several, there Is a box factory at Mineola that runs on full time manufacturing all kinds of fruit and vegetable crates and boxes besides soap starch and cracker boxes.
The average price of raw land is $5 per acre, activated land $12.50 per acre. Cotton yields one fourth bale per acre, corn 17 bushels, sugar cane for syrup 600 gallons, Irish potatoes 50 bushels, sweet potatoes 60 bushels, tomatoes 60 bushels, and peanuts 25 bushels. About 150 car loads of potatoes are shipped annualy besides about 50 car loads of mixed vegetables. An average of 50 car loads of peaches has been shipped each season for several years.
Last year’s tax rolls disclosed the following live stock: 13,406 cattle, 662 horses and mules, 6,187 hogs, and a few sheep and goats.
There are 82 public free schools in the county employing 121 teachers.
The county Is underlaid with very valuable deposits of lignite pottery and brick clays. At Alba several lignite mines are In constant operation. The strata vary In thickness from 5 to 12 feet, and the fuel is of high quality.
Texas almanac and state industrial guide
Publisher Belo & Co., 1910
Original from Harvard University
Digitized May 8, 2007